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Volume 9 | Issue 6

Impact factor: 8.15

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Paper Title: Biomedical waste management at Bikaner, Rajasthan in context of willingness to pay of general public and cost-effectiveness of the waste treatment technologies
Authors Name: Abdul Aalim Usta , Imran Khan Pathan , Mohammad Asif
Unique Id: IJSDR2405062
Published In: Volume 9 Issue 5, May-2024
Abstract: Purpose of study: Assess the general public's Willingness to Pay (WTP) for the appropriate treatment of liquid bio-medical waste before its discharge from healthcare facilities in Bikaner district; and ensure cost-effectiveness. Examination of biomedical waste treatment technology employed for disinfecting contaminated waste. Method: A structured questionnaire was utilised to gather data on individuals' perceptions of hospital wastewater and their willingness to pay for its proper disposal and a pollution-free environment. A sample of 60 respondents is selected for the study. Primary and secondary data on biomedical waste treatment methods were gathered through an interview with the representative of the central biomedical waste treatment plant located in Bikaner district. Environmental impact assessment was conducted to find and measure technological effectiveness, social effectiveness, and environmental effectiveness. Main findings: There was a strong correlation between Willingness to Pay and various socio- economic variables such as age, employment status, per capita income of the family, distance of the respondent's house to the hospital (in km), and environmental consciousness of the general public in Bikaner District. However, there was no correlation between Willingness to Pay and socio-economic variables such as gender, education level, and number of people working in the family. Autoclaves were determined to be more cost-effective and environmentally benign than incinerators for operation; yet, incinerators were found to be technologically superior than autoclaves. Conclusion: Increased public knowledge of the health and environmental dangers linked to inadequate hospital wastewater disposal may lead to a rise in the general public's willingness to pay for the appropriate treatment of liquid biomedical waste. The autoclave, a biological waste treatment device, is environmentally friendly, cost- effective, and technologically advanced, making it a more inexpensive option compared to incinerators, which are costly, difficult, and not environmentally friendly.
Keywords: Biomedical waste management, Willingness to pay, Cost effective analysis, Environmental impact assessment, Biomedical waste treatment technology.
Cite Article: "Biomedical waste management at Bikaner, Rajasthan in context of willingness to pay of general public and cost-effectiveness of the waste treatment technologies", International Journal of Science & Engineering Development Research (www.ijsdr.org), ISSN:2455-2631, Vol.9, Issue 5, page no.429 - 439, May-2024, Available :http://www.ijsdr.org/papers/IJSDR2405062.pdf
Downloads: 000342234
Publication Details: Published Paper ID: IJSDR2405062
Registration ID:211345
Published In: Volume 9 Issue 5, May-2024
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.11974862
Page No: 429 - 439
Publisher: IJSDR | www.ijsdr.org
ISSN Number: 2455-2631

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